Maximilien de Robespierre was an early proponent of political democracy. His advanced ideas concerning the application of the revolutionary principle of equality won for him the fervent support of the lower middle and working classes the sans-culottes and a firm place later in the 19th century in the pantheon of European radical and revolutionary heroes. These ideas and the repressive methods used to implement and defend them, which came to be called the Reign of Terror, and his role as spokesman for this radical and violent phase of the French Revolution also won for him the opprobrium of conservative opponents of the Revolution ever since.
Maximilien de Robespierre was an early proponent of political democracy. His advanced ideas concerning the application of the revolutionary principle of equality won for him the fervent support of the lower middle and working classes the sans-culottes and a firm place later in the 19th century in the pantheon of European radical and revolutionary heroes.
These ideas and the repressive methods used to implement and defend them, which came to be called the Reign of Terrorand his role as spokesman for this radical and violent phase of the French Revolution also won for him the opprobrium of conservative opponents of the Revolution ever since.
Career before the Revolution Robespierre was born on May 6,in the French provincial city of Arras. But he had developed a sense of social justice, and as the Revolution of loomed, he assumed a public role as an advocate of political change, contributing to the pamphlet and cahier literature of the day, and being elected at the age of 30 a member of the Third Estate delegation from Arras to the Estates General, where he quickly associated himself with the Patriot party.
Role in Early Revolution During the first period of the Revolutionin which the Estates General became the National or Constituent Assembly, Robespierre spoke frequently in that body.
But his extremely democratic ideas, his emphasis on civil liberty and equality, his uncompromising rigidity in applying these ideas to the issues of the moment, and his hostility to all authority won him little support in this moderate legislature.
He favored giving the vote to all men, not just property owners, and he opposed slavery in the colonies. On both of these issues he lost, being ahead of his time. Robespierre found more receptive listeners at the Paris Jacobin Club, where throughout his career he had a devoted following that admired him not only for his radical political views but perhaps even more for his simple Spartan life and high sense of personal morality, which won for him the appellation of "the Incorruptible.
He lacked the warmth of personality usually associated with a popular political figure. Yet his carefully written and traditionally formal speeches, because of his utter sincerity and deep personal conviction, won him a wide following.
When his term as a legislator ended in SeptemberRobespierre remained in Paris, playing an influential role in the Jacobin Club and shortly founding a weekly political journal. During this period he was an unremitting critic of the King and the moderates who hoped to make the experiment in limited, constitutional monarchy a success.
Period in Power A Convention was quickly elected to perform the task of drafting a constitution, this time for a democratic republic, and to govern the country in the meantime.
Robespierre was elected a member for Paris. As a spokesman for the Mountain, the radical Jacobin faction in the Convention, he played a prominent role in the successive controversies that developed.
The French Revolution (French: Révolution française French pronunciation: [ʁevɔlysjɔ̃ fʁɑ̃sɛːz]) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies beginning in The Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, catalyzed violent periods of political turmoil, and finally culminated in a dictatorship under Napoleon who brought many. The French Revolution (–) was a period of ideological, political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French polity, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on Enlightenment principles of republicanism, citizenship, and rights. Maximilien Robespierre biography Maximilien Robespierre (Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre) was born on May 6th, , in Arras .
He was an uncompromising antagonist of the deposed king, who was finally placed on trial, convicted, and executed in January The moderate Girondin faction had incurred the enmity of Robespierre and the leaders of the Mountain in the process, and for this and other reasons, both personal and political, there followed months of bitter controversy, climaxed by the victory of the Robespierrist faction, aided by the intervention of the Parisian sans-culottes, with the expulsion from the Convention and arrest of the Girondins June 2, and the execution shortly thereafter of their leaders.
The dual crises of foreign war, in which most of Europe was now fighting against the Revolutionary government in France, and civil war, which threatened to overthrow that government, had led to the creation of the crisis machinery of government, the Reign of Terror.
The central authority in this government was the Committee of Public Safety. For the crucial months from mid to mid Robespierre was one of the dominant members of and the spokesman for this dictatorial body.
Under their energetic leadership the crisis was successfully surmounted, and by the spring of the threat of civil war had been ended and the French army was winning decisive victories. Political controversy had continued, however, as Robespierre, having prevailed against the moderate Girondins, now faced new opposition on both the left and the right.
Nor could he support their vigorous anti-Christian campaign and atheistic Religion of Reason. Two weeks later came the turn of the Indulgents, or Dantonists, the moderate Jacobins who, now that the military crisis was ended, felt that the Terror should be relaxed.Biography Early Life.
Maximilien Marie Isodore Robespierre was born May 6, in Saint-Marie-Madeleine, Arras, Artois, France to Maximilien Barthelemy François DeRobespierre and Jacqueline Carrault. Wikipedia suggests that Maximilien was illegitimate however his baptism record suggests that his parents were married at the Born: May 06, Early life Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre was born on May 6, , in Arras, France.
His mother died when he was only six and his father, a . Maximilien de Robespierre was born in Arras in the old French province of Artois. In , historian Francois Furet argued that this reappraisal of Robespierre has been technically inaccurate: The Life and Opinions of Succeeded by: Jacques Nicolas Billaud-Varenne.
Early life. Maximilien de Robespierre was born in Arras in the old French province of caninariojana.com family has been traced back to the 12th century in Picardy; some of his ancestors in the male line worked as notaries in Carvin near Arras from the beginning of the 17th century.
It has been suggested that he was of Irish descent, his surname possibly a corruption of "Robert Speirs". Father of the French revolutionaries Maximilien () and Augustin () de Robespierre, himself born probably in Lawyer at Arras, caninariojana.comon: Altstadt, Bavaria (Bayern).
Maximilien Robespierre was born in northern France on May 6, After his parents died, Maximilien and his three siblings went to live with their grandparents. Young Maximilien was a smart child who enjoyed reading and studying law.