Benjamin Franklin, one of our five most esteemed founding fathers, was one of the biggest reasons that American values are as they are today. Franklin was an ambassador during the American Revolution. He secured the French alliance which was one of the main reasons that America beat England. Franklin was recognized as being the roots of American values.
Inat age 12, he was apprenticed to his older brother James, a Boston printer. By age 16, Franklin was contributing essays under the pseudonym Silence Dogood to a newspaper published by his brother. At age 17, Franklin ran away from his apprenticeship to Philadelphia, where he found work as a printer.
In latehe traveled to London, England, and again found employment in the printing business. The business became highly successful producing a range of materials, including government pamphlets, books and currency.
InFranklin became the owner and publisher of a colonial newspaper, the Pennsylvania Gazette, which proved popular—and to which he contributed much of the content, often using pseudonyms.
Franklin and Read had a son, Franciswho died of smallpox at age 4, and a daughter, Sarah Franklin had another son, William c.
William Franklin served as the last colonial governor of New Jerseyfrom toand remained loyal to the British during the American Revolution. He died in exile in England. Franklin also organized the Pennsylvania militia, raised funds to build a city hospital and spearheaded a program to pave and light city streets.
Additionally, Franklin was instrumental in the creation of the Academy of Philadelphia, a college which opened in and became known as the University of Pennsylvania in Franklin also was a key figure in the colonial postal system.
Inthe British appointed him postmaster of Philadelphia, and he went on to become, injoint postmaster general for all the American colonies. In this role he instituted various measures to improve mail service; however, the British dismissed him from the job in because he was deemed too sympathetic to colonial interests.
In Julythe Continental Congress appointed Franklin the first postmaster general of the United States, giving him authority over all post offices from Massachusetts to Georgia.
He held this position until Novemberwhen he was succeeded by his son-in-law. Scientist and Inventor InFranklin, then 42 years old, had expanded his printing business throughout the colonies and become successful enough to stop working.
Retirement allowed him to concentrate on public service and also pursue more fully his longtime interest in science. In the s, he conducted experiments that contributed to the understanding of electricity, and invented the lightning rod, which protected buildings from fires caused by lightning.
Inhe conducted his famous kite experiment and demonstrated that lightning is electricity.
Franklin also coined a number of electricity-related terms, including battery, charge and conductor. In addition to electricity, Franklin studied a number of other topics, including ocean currents, meteorology, causes of the common cold and refrigeration.
He developed the Franklin stove, which provided more heat while using less fuel than other stoves, and bifocal eyeglasses, which allow for distance and reading use. In the early s, Franklin invented a musical instrument called the glass armonica.
Franklin and the American Revolution Inat a meeting of colonial representatives in Albany, New YorkFranklin proposed a plan for uniting the colonies under a national congress. Although his Albany Plan was rejected, it helped lay the groundwork for the Articles of Confederationwhich became the first constitution of the United States when ratified in InFranklin traveled to London as a representative of the Pennsylvania Assembly, to which he was elected in Over several years, he worked to settle a tax dispute and other issues involving descendants of William Pennthe owners of the colony of Pennsylvania.
After a brief period back in the U. While he was abroad, the British government began, in the mids, to impose a series of regulatory measures to assert greater control over its American colonies. InFranklin testified in the British Parliament against the Stamp Act ofwhich required that all legal documents, newspapers, books, playing cards and other printed materials in the American colonies carry a tax stamp.
Although the Stamp Act was repealed inadditional regulatory measures followed, leading to ever-increasing anti-British sentiment and eventual armed uprising by the American colonists.
Inhe was part of the five-member committee that helped draft the Declaration of Independencein which the 13 American colonies declared their freedom from British rule. As minister to France starting inFranklin helped negotiate and draft the Treaty of Paris that ended the Revolutionary War.
Inhe was a Pennsylvania delegate to the Constitutional Convention. At the end of the convention, in Septemberhe urged his fellow delegates to support the heavily debated new document. Franklin died a year later, at age 84, on April 17,in Philadelphia.
In his will, he left money to Boston and Philadelphia, which was later used to establish a trade school and a science museum and fund scholarships and other community projects.
More than years after his death, Franklin remains one of the most celebrated figures in U.Benjamin Franklin was the tenth son born to his father who was on his second wife, which in total his father had seventeen children. Benjamin Franklin father wanted him to become a clergy but can afford only to send him for one year in order to become a clergy you needed years of schooling.
Nov 09, · Watch video · Benjamin Franklin was born on January 17, , in colonial Boston. His father, Josiah Franklin (), a native of England, was a candle and soap maker who married twice and had 17 children. Ezra Stiles (–), the Calvinist president of Yale College, was curious about Benjamin Franklin (–) and his faith.
In , he asked the nation's senior statesman if he would commit his religious beliefs to paper. Franklin agreed. Their first child was named Francis Folger Franklin and was born in October Sadly, he passed away just four years later from smallpox. Sarah Franklin, their next child, was born in The Franklins had eight grandchildren: Benjamin, William, Betsy, Louis, Deborah, Richard, Sarah and William Temple (son of Benjamin's illegitimate son William).
In fact, Benjamin Franklin was vital to the success of the American Revolution. So just who was this great man? Born in Boston, Massachusetts on January 17, , Benjamin Franklin was the fifteenth child of seventeen brothers and sisters.
His father, Josiah Franklin, was a candle and soap maker. In late Benjamin Franklin received a startling package from an unknown sender.