How does Human Rights Watch recommend we end the practice of child marriage? What is child marriage? Child marriages occur when one or both parties are under the age of eighteen. The emerging consensus of international human rights standards is that the minimum age of marriage should be set at
Child marriage is a human rights violation 14th July by Sima Samar Share this article: Child, early and forced marriages are global problems that cut across countries, religions, political regimes and ethnicities. More than million women and girls alive today were married before they reached their 18th birthday.
Despite the ratification of these international agreements and action plans, this practice continues to violate the human rights of women and girls, particularly in conflict-riven countries, such as Afghanistan.
Child marriage is forced marriage by definition, because children rarely decide upon their future partner, and lack the maturity to make such a significant decision.
Early and forced marriages undermine the dignity and freedom of human beings. The majority of the victims are girls, although sometimes such marriages are also imposed on boys. For example, in Afghanistan, the practice of bad is used as a means of dispute resolution between two families.
Under this process, a girl as young as few months old can be married off to a young man or a male child in order to compensate for a crime or misdeed committed by a member of her family.
Child marriage is a major violation of girls’ human rights. Child marriage harms girls’ rights to health, education, equality and a life free from violence and exploitation. Oct 04, · Human Rights Watch is a (C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: Get updates on human rights issues from around the globe. Join our movement today. Child marriage is a human rights violation. Despite laws against it, the practice remains widespread: Globally, one in every five girls is married, or in union, before reaching age In the least developed countries, that number doubles – 40 per cent of girls are married before age 18, and 12 per cent of girls are married before age
This is a centuries old practice in Child marriage a human rights violation region. In these cases, boys are also victims of decisions made by elders in their society. Badal is an exchange of girls between families.
Sometimes fathers exchange their daughters to acquire wives for themselves. In most of these cases, the boys and girls involved have no choice, and are not part of the decision making process.
Girls are vulnerable to early, frequent and unintended pregnancies and pregnancy-related complications. Maternal and infant mortality and morbidity are much higher in this group.
Child marriage also makes girls more vulnerable to all forms of violence. Child and forced marriage is one of the main reasons for continuation of violence in the family. Violence experienced in the home can fuel violence on a wider scale. Child, early and forced marriages exacerbate conflict, which in turn can create a vicious cycle leading to humanitarian crises.
Afghanistan is a living example of this. Of course, conflict situations also contribute to an increased number of children, early and forced marriages.
Poverty and a lack of education are also among the drivers of child and forced marriage. Stereotypes, harmful practices, perceptions and customs are obstacles to their full enjoyment of human rights, and are among the primary causes of child, early and forced marriage.
Such marriages are often the biggest obstacle not only to the economic, legal, health and social status of women and girls, but to the development of society as whole.
Stopping this discriminatory practice requires the collective efforts of governments, lawmakers, judicial authorities, law enforcement officials, traditional and religious leaders, civil society, the media, the private sector and other relevant stakeholders in order to address the root cause of this human rights violation internationally.
The criminalization of the practice by law enforcement would help with the reduction of the child and forced marriages.
We need a leadership with a strong political will and commitment to abolish this practice which is a stain upon human dignity. We need to raise awareness amongst men and boys. In Muslim societies, we need to involve religious leaders in the reduction and elimination of this practice, since they are responsible for officiating marriages.
State-driven poverty reduction policies, including family planning also help to reduce child, early and forced marriage.
The issue of child marriage is part of a new Amnesty International campaign, launched ahead of International Women’s Day on Saturday. In it, the human rights group calls on governments to secure. Child marriage, a violation of human rights Organisation: Girls Not Brides Year: This Girls Not Brides infographic looks at the impact of child marriage on girls’ human rights, and what people in girls’ lives can do to protect their rights. A human rights violation, child marriage directly impacts girls’ education, health, psychologic well-being, and the health of their offspring. It increases the risk for depression, sexually transmitted infection, cervical cancer, malaria, obstetric fistulas, and maternal mortality.
For instance, we have seen cases of the sale of girls during periods of drought and economic hardship in Afghanistan. The good news is that the United Nation Human Rights Council on 2 July unanimously adopted a resolution, co-sponsored by over 85 states, to strengthen the efforts to prevent and eliminate child, early and forced marriages.
This resolution represents the first ever-substantive resolution on child marriage adopted by the Council. It recognizes child marriage as a violation of human rights, which prevent individuals from living their lives free from violence and a barrier to sustainable development.
The eradication of child, early and forced marriage are critical moves towards sustainable development, peace, security and democracy. She also served as UN's Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Sudan between and Samar has participated in many international forums on human rights, democracy and transitional justice.
Her contributions to the same have been widely recognized and she is the recipient of several prestigious awards.Child marriage is a major violation of girls’ human rights. Child marriage harms girls’ rights to health, education, equality and a life free from violence and exploitation.
In July , the Human Rights Council adopted its first substantive resolution recognizing child and forced marriage as a human rights violation. “Child and forced marriage represents a violation of virtually all human rights,” says Birga. “Child and forced marriage represents a violation of virtually all human rights,” says Birga.
“It deprives women and girls of autonomy and choice over their bodies and their lives.” Girls forced into marriage are exposed to early pregnancies that are detrimental to their health because their bodies are not ready.
Jul 09, · Child marriage is linked to higher rates of dropping out of school, poverty, domestic violence and mental and physical health disorders.
It is time something was done! A bill was just introduced in Florida’s state . The issue of child marriage is part of a new Amnesty International campaign, launched ahead of International Women’s Day on Saturday.
In it, the human rights group calls on governments to secure. Child marriage is a violation of human rights. WPF and IHEU therefore urge all governments to end child marriage: a practice in which the parents of a child arrange a marriage with another child or an adult.