Increasing percentages of the population are now obtaining high school diplomas, college degrees, and advanced or professional degrees compared with just a few decades ago. The outcomes of education include learning and the acquisition of knowledge, gaining the skills necessary to successfully compete for jobs, and acquiring the ability to be able to compete in the global marketplace.
Explain the problems that conflict theory sees in education.
Describe how symbolic interactionism understands education. The sociology of education: A systematic analysis 7th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: These include a socialization, b social integration, c social placement, and d social and cultural innovation.
Latent functions include child care, the establishment of peer relationships, and lowering unemployment by keeping high school students out of the full-time labor force. Problems in the educational institution harm society because all these functions cannot be completely fulfilled. Symbolic interactionism This perspective focuses on social interaction in the classroom, on the playground, and in other school venues.
Certain educational problems have their basis in social interaction and expectations. Perhaps the most important function of education is socialization.
If children are to learn the norms, values, and skills they need to function in society, Conflict theory education education is a primary vehicle for such learning.
In the United States, these norms and values include respect for authority, patriotism remember the Pledge of Allegiance? A second function of education is social integration.
For a society to work, functionalists say, people must subscribe to a common set of beliefs and values. As we saw, the development of such common views was a goal of the system of free, compulsory education that developed in the nineteenth century. Thousands of immigrant children in the United States today are learning English, US history, and other subjects that help prepare them for the workforce and integrate them into American life.
A third function of education is social placement. Beginning in grade school, students are identified by teachers and other school officials either as bright and motivated or as less bright and even educationally challenged. Depending on how they are identified, children are taught at the level that is thought to suit them best.
In this way, they are presumably prepared for their later station in life. Whether this process works as well as it should is an important issue, and we explore it further when we discuss school tracking later in this chapter.
Social and cultural innovation is a fourth function of education.
Our scientists cannot make important scientific discoveries and our artists and thinkers cannot come up with great works of art, poetry, and prose unless they have first been educated in the many subjects they need to know for their chosen path.
These include socialization, social integration, social placement, and social and cultural innovation. Education also involves several latent functions, functions that are by-products of going to school and receiving an education rather than a direct effect of the education itself.
One of these is child care: Once a child starts kindergarten and then first grade, for several hours a day the child is taken care of for free.Conflict theory does not dispute most of the functions just described. However, it does give some of them a different slant and talks about various ways in which education perpetuates social inequality (Hill, Macrine, & Gabbard, ; Liston, ).
Conflict theory posits that conflict is a fundamental part of the social order, and that schools are a critical site in the reproduction of social inequality, particularly class conflict and racial stratification. Conflict Theory & Education The Fight to The Top Conflict Theory; What is it?
1 of 4 Major Social Paradigms of Sociology Feminist Theory Structural Functionalist Conflict Theory Symbolic Interaction Founded by Karl Marx Society divided into groups Power is dictated by higher class. Conflict Theory.
Conflict theorists do not believe that public schools reduce social inequality. Rather, they believe that the educational system reinforces and perpetuates social inequalities that arise from differences in class, gender, race, and ethnicity.
Theories of Education Today, sociologists and educators debate the function of education. Three main theories represent their views: the functionalist theory, the .
What is the 'Conflict Theory' The conflict theory, suggested by Karl Marx, claims society is in a state of perpetual conflict because of competition for limited resources.
It holds that social.