It shows the finest point of Greek architecture, history and ancient Greek religious beliefs. The Parthenon is a temple dedicated to Athens patron goddess, Athena Herbert,
Description[ edit ] The Rosetta Stone is listed as "a stone of black granodioritebearing three inscriptions No additional fragments were found in later searches of the Rosetta site.
The top register, composed of Egyptian hieroglyphs, suffered the most damage. Only the last 14 lines of the hieroglyphic text can be seen; all of them are broken on the right side, and 12 of them on the left. The following register of demotic text has survived best; it has 32 lines, of which the first 14 are slightly damaged on the right side.
The final register of Greek text contains 54 lines, of which the first 27 survive in full; the rest are increasingly fragmentary due to a diagonal break at the bottom right of the stone.
The texts are of similar length. These parallels, and a hieroglyphic sign for "stela" on the stone itself, see Gardiner's sign listsuggest that it originally had a rounded top.
The date is given as "4 Xandicus" in the Macedonian calendar and "18 Meshir " in the Egyptian calendarwhich corresponds to March 27, BC.
Tlepolemus, in turn, was replaced as guardian in BC by Aristomenes of Alyziawho was chief minister at the time of the Memphis decree. Philip had seized several islands and cities in Caria and Thracewhile the Battle of Panium BC had resulted in the transfer of Coele-Syriaincluding Judaeafrom the Ptolemies to the Seleucids.
In earlier periods, all such decrees were issued by the king himself, but the Memphis decree was issued by the priests, as the maintainers of traditional Egyptian culture. The decree concludes with the instruction that a copy was to be placed in every temple, inscribed in the "language of the gods" hieroglyphsthe "language of documents" demoticand the "language of the Greeks" as used by the Ptolemaic government.
The High Priests of Memphis —where the king was crowned—were particularly important, as they were the highest religious authorities of the time and had influence throughout the kingdom.
An up-to-date translation by R. Simpson appears on the British Museum website, based on the demotic text. Bevan 's full translation in The House of Ptolemy based on the Greek text with footnote comments on variations between this and the two Egyptian texts.
The stele almost certainly did not originate in the town of Rashid Rosetta where it was found, but more likely came from a temple site farther inland, possibly the royal town of Sais.
Later it was incorporated in the foundations of a fortress constructed by the Mameluke Sultan Qaitbay c. Unlike the Rosetta Stone, the hieroglyphic texts of these other copies of the decree were relatively intact. The Rosetta Stone had been deciphered long before they were found, but later Egyptologists, including Wallis Budgeused these other copies to refine the reconstruction of the hieroglyphs that must have been used in the lost portions of the hieroglyphic text on the Rosetta Stone.
A corps of technical experts savantsknown as the Commission des Sciences et des Artsaccompanied the French expeditionary army to Egypt. On July 15,French soldiers under the command of Colonel d'Hautpoul were strengthening the defences of Fort Juliena couple of miles north-east of the Egyptian port city of Rosetta modern-day Rashid.
Lancret's report, dated July 19,was read to a meeting of the Institute soon after July Bouchard, meanwhile, transported the stone to Cairo for examination by scholars. Napoleon himself inspected what had already begun to be called la Pierre de Rosette, the Rosetta Stone, shortly before his return to France in August The anonymous reporter expressed a hope that the stone might one day be the key to deciphering hieroglyphs.
One of these experts was Jean-Joseph Marcela printer and gifted linguist, who is credited as the first to recognise that the middle text was written in the Egyptian Demotic script, rarely used for stone inscriptions and seldom seen by scholars at that time, rather than Syriac as had originally been thought.
The prints that resulted were taken to Paris by General Charles Dugua. Scholars in Europe were now able to see the inscriptions and attempt to read them. In Marchthe British landed at Aboukir Bay. Menou was now in command of the French expedition.
His troops, including the Commission, marched north towards the Mediterranean coast to meet the enemy, transporting the stone along with many other antiquities. He was defeated in battle, and the remnant of his army retreated to Alexandria where they were surrounded and besieged, the stone now inside the city.
Menou surrendered on August Menou refused to hand them over, claiming that they belonged to the Institute.Self-Analysis Essay of a Writer - My portfolio absolutely reflects my understanding of persuasive writing.
Persuasive writing focuses on the ability to formulate an essay that takes an argumentative stance, but takes the opposition into consideration as well. In a Venetian attack on the city in , a cannon ball came through the building and hit the gunpowder.
Thus, years after its foundation was laid (in BC, with money misappropriated from the defense contributions of the League of Delos), the Parthenon was blown to pieces.
19th Hole: The only hole on which golfers do not complain about the number of shots they took. 32 Bit Resolution: Motion to spend four dollars. Read this History Other Essay and over 88, other research documents. The Parthenon. THE PARTHENON The Parthenon in Athens is the most important and characteristic monument of ancient Greek civilization, it is a /5(1).
Interesting Places to Visit. Nashville Parthenon (Nashville, Tennessee) By Richard Grigonis —Last updated February 12, While driving through Nashville, Tennessee, you may come across a sign for the Parthenon. Frith's postcard dating list – Historical value of money in UK – Imperial measures – Glossary of Terms – Monarchs of England and their dates – Special days.
BC Oct The beginning of Creation, as calculated by James Ussher ( –), Archbishop of Armagh and believed until Victorian times.