Thursday, 31 May Section 2:
This case study will explore how urbanization, suburbanization, counter urbanization and now reurbanisation processes have occurred in the Mumbai region and how those processes have been managed.
Mumbai is located on a peninsular on the Western coast of Maharashtra state in western India, bordering the Arabian Sea. Bombay is a thriving megacity that has had an economic boom in recent years. It is home to Bollywood and the film "Slumdog Millionaire" was based there.
Indeed, property in Mumbai is becoming some of the most expensive in the world. However, many of the residents of Mumbai live in illegal squatter settlements known as bustees in India. Despite the poor conditions in the slum Prince Charles Megacity case studies that the people of Dharavi "may be poorer in material wealth but are richer socially".
Indeed, in terms of population size Mumbai is India's largest city, and is the financial capital of the country, being home to the Mumbai Stock Exchange.
Up until the s, Mumbai owed its wealth to its historical colonial past, textile mills and the seaport, but the local economy has since been diversified and now Mumbai is home to most of India's specialised technical industries, having a modern industrial infrastructure and vast, skilled human resources.
Industries include aerospace, optical engineering, medical research, computers and electronic equipment of all varieties, shipbuilding and salvaging, and renewable energy.
Other formalized workers include many state and government workers. Alongside this incredible wealth is a large unskilled and informal workforce, who work as self-employed and often unregulated workers.
Many of these people earn their living as street hawkers, street sellers, taxi drivers, mechanics and other such occupations. Bollywood and other Media Industries also employ huge numbers of people.
Most of India's major television and satellite networks, as well as its major publishing houses, have headquarters here. The centre of the Hindi movie industry, Bollywood, produces the largest number of films per year in the world. Urbanisation and its impacts Mumbai has urbanised over the past 60 years and urbanized rapidly from its origins as a fishing village.
The site of the fishing village soon became a port region as the site favoured development. Protected from the Arabian Sea by a peninsular art the southern end of Salsette Island, it had access to sea on two sides and the British colonial administration in India developed the sheltered inlet into a major port.
This made it the closest port of entry to subcontinent for travellers from Europe, through the Suez Canal.
As with many major global ports area around the port became industrialised — processing goods for export and handling imports.
The city grew during British rule as variety of services grew up around the port and continued to grow after British left in Sincethe graph shows the inexorable rise in the population of Mumbai, from 8 million in to 21 million now. The other significant factor to note is that slum dwellers make up an ever increasing proportion of the population, creating numerous problems for people and planners.
It should be noted that the original urbanisation phase of Mumbai focussed upon the southern tip of Salsette Island, and outside of this the city suburbanised in a Northern direction. The causes of urbanisation are multiple, but involve a high level of natural increase within Mumbai itself and in-migration principally from the surrounding district of Maharashtra but also from neighbouring states.
Mumbai booming economy means that migrants come for job opportunities in the expanding industries, financial institutions and administration.
Back to top Mumbai has grown in a Northern direction limited by physical Geography as shown in the image below.Tokyo Urban Development, Successes & Challenges. Updated on Updated on March 25, by Martin Smith. A single earthquake, tsunami or storm can easily impact many millions of people in the megacity.
A case study of Tokyo.
Brief History and Key Dates: With a population of over 32 million, Tokyo’s metro area is the largest in the world.1 Tokyo consumes as much or more energy than many countries, and, if it were a country, it would have the world’s 15th largest GNP.
In Related discussions on The Student Room.
A2 AQA Geography GEOG 3 » A2 Edexcel Geography Contested Planet/Geographical » Edexcel Geography Unit 3: Contested Planet 6GE03 01 - Megacities Case Study - Tokyo, Japan Tuesday, 5 June Section 5: Solutions. Nonetheless, Tokyo still faces a number of issues that is always associated with having the title of a 'megacity.' This includes, waste management, lack of urban space, relative poverty and overcrowding.
Jun 23, · Los Angeles is the second largest city in the USA.
It forms part of the SanSan urban corridor, connecting San Francisco to San Diego. It had a population of million in , with a population density of per km². It is located near the Pacific coast .
LEDC case study – Mumbai. Background. Urbanisation.
Impacts of urbanisation - Dharavi slum. Suburbanisation. Counterurbanisation. Reurbanisation. Background to Mumbai. Mumbai is a megacity and a World city, it has grown enormously since the ’s and gives a great case study of urbanization and its issues within an LEDC.
This case study.