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Other NCSL staff contributors were Erin Kincaid, who provided significant research assistance; Vicky McPheron, who provided administrative support; and Leann Stelzer, who edited and coordinated publication of the report. Their continued support and assistance to NCSL and state legislatures are gratefully acknowledged.
The NCSL project responds to the challenges faced by states as they consider corrections and sentencing policies that both manage state spending and protect the public.
The Pew PSPP was launched in to help states advance fiscally sound, data-driven policies and practices in sentencing and corrections. The group had a one-year work plan to discuss and identify overarching principles for effective state sentencing and corrections policy and to identify key issues and approaches that explain and illustrate the recommendations.
The issues addressed by the NCSL work group reflect the important role of state legislatures in enacting policies that manage prison populations and costs, address offender and community needs, and contribute to the safe and fair administration of criminal justice.
The discussions took place during a difficult, recessionary budget climate.
A major interest of the work group was how to have an immediate effect on state public safety dollars while also ensuring that the public safety is protected into the future.
Many concepts addressed in the Principles reflect recent advances in resource-sensitive policies that actually reduce risk and recidivism. Mindful that sentencing and corrections policies reach into various levels and branches of government, the Principles also reflect the value that lawmakers place on stakeholders throughout criminal justice systems in policy development and discussions.
Apparent throughout the Principles is the importance of interbranch and intergovernmental collaboration, information exchange and evaluation in working toward effective sentencing and corrections policies.
It is the intent of NCSL and this work group that the Principles and examples presented here will help guide and inform many aspects of state sentencing and corrections policy now and well into the future. Principles and Points Preamble Providing for justice and protecting the public are fundamental concerns of criminal justice systems.
State approaches to sentencing and corrections have been characterized by traditional views that lean toward incapacitation or rehabilitation. More contemporary policies to reduce recidivism look to evidence-based strategies that hold offenders accountable, are sensitive to corrections costs, and reduce crime and victimization.
State legislatures set both the tone and the framework for sentencing and corrections policies.
The principles identified and described below resulted from the bipartisan NCSL work group and are not aligned with any particular opinion or approach. Their intended purpose is to provide broad, balanced guidance to state lawmakers as they review and enact policies and make budgetary decisions that will affect community safety, management of criminal offenders, and allocation of corrections resources.
Sentencing and corrections policies should embody fairness, consistency, proportionality and opportunity. Establish sentences that are commensurate to the harm caused, the effects on the victim and on the community, and the rehabilitative needs of the offender.
Strive to balance objectives of treating like offenders alike with allowing discretion to select correctional options that meet individual offender needs and contribute to crime reduction. Consider whether sentencing and corrections policies adversely or disproportionately affect citizens based on race, income, gender or geography, including, but not limited to, drug crimes.Principles of Effective State Sentencing and Corrections Policy State legislatures set both the tone and the framework for sentencing and corrections policies.
Today, they face the challenge of considering strategies that both manage . General CommentThis song is about how it's not always the best policy to tell the truth.
Some things are better left unsaid or even deceived. But we are told that "honesty is the best policy" "the truth shall set you free. This is the "Policy of Truth" But this in reality is not always the case.5/5(6). No, They Can't: Why Government Fails-But Individuals Succeed by John Stossel New York Times bestselling journalist John Stossel shows how the expansion of government control is destructive for American society/5(47).
3. No-write allocate – do not allocate block; i.e., do not read the rest of the block on a write miss.
It is not necessary to bring in the rest of the block on a write miss since . A central theme of this book is that Hayek’s knowledge problem—the fact that no central planner can possess and process all the information needed to allocate resources so as to unlock their greatest possible value—applies to regulation, which is ultimately a .
All the agencies concerned shall allocate 1% of their Human Resource Development (HRD)/Training appropriation for the initial implementation of their agency MRP; additional appropriation may be funded as may be determined .