The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of chromium on enzymatic activity of sorghum genotypes grown under polluted conditions. Two weeks after sowing, seedlings of grown plants were irrigated with eight levels of chromium Cr VI concentrations 0, 2. Samples of plants were taken three times at 8th, 12th, and 15th days after chromium application to measure the enzymatic activity, namely, malate dehydrogenase, alcohol dehydrogenase and glutamate dehydrogenase. The results revealed that the level of enzyme activity increased significantly with increase in chromium concentration.
How to Write a Research Methodology for Your Academic Article June 21, 8 Min Read For academic writing help, focus on these criteria and tips on how to write a great research methodology for your academic article This article is part of an ongoing series on academic writing help of scholarly articles.
Previous parts explored how to write an introduction for a research paper and a literature review outline and format. The Methodology section portrays the reasoning for the application of certain techniques and methods in Research paper methodology parts context of the study.
The description of the methods used should include enough details so that the study can be replicated by other Researchers, or at least repeated in a similar situation or framework.
Every stage of your research needs to be explained and justified with clear information on why you chose those particular methods, and how they help you answer your research question or purpose.
As the Authors, in this section you get to explain the rationale of your article for other Researchers. You should focus on answering the following questions: How did you collect the data or how did you generate the data? Which research methods did you use?
Why did you choose these methods and techniques? How did you use these methods for analyzing the research question or problem? The responses to these questions should be clear and precise, and the answers should be written in past tense. Research Methodology Definition Research Methodology refers the discussion regarding the specific methods chosen and used in a research paper.
This discussion also encompasses the theoretical concepts that further provide information about the methods selection and application. In other words, you should highlight how these theoretical concepts are connected with these methods in a larger knowledge framework and explain their relevance in examining the purpose, problem and questions of your study.
Research Method Definition A Research Method represents the technical steps involved in conducting the research. Details about the methods focus on characterizing and defining them, but also explaining your chosen techniques, and providing a full account on the procedures used for selecting, collecting and analyzing the data.
Important Tips for a Good Methodology Section The methodology section is very important for the credibility of your article and for a professional academic writing style.
Data Collection or Generation for Your Academic Article Readers, academics and other researchers need to know how the information used in your academic article was collected. The research methods used for collecting or generating data will influence the discoveries and, by extension, how you will interpret them and explain their contribution to general knowledge.
The most basic methods for data collection are: This type of data is already available, in different forms, from a variety of sources. Secondary data collection could lead to Internal or External secondary data research.
Internal secondary data research — particularly related to a company or organization, internal sources such as sales data, financial data, operations-related data, etc.
External secondary data research — represents a study that uses existing data on a certain research subject from government statistics, published market research reports from different organizations, international agencies such as IMF, World Bank, etc.
Primary data Primary data represent data originated for the specific purpose of the study, with its research questions. The methods vary on how Authors and Researchers conduct an experiment, survey or study, but, in general, it uses a particular scientific method.
Primary data collection could lead to Quantitative and Qualitative research. Quantitative research or empirical-analytical research focuses on a certain research purpose, with its complementary research questions and operational definitions of the variables to be measured.
This type of study uses deductive reasoning and established theories as a foundation for the hypotheses that will be tested and explained.
Qualitative research or interpretative research focuses on analytically disclosing certain practices or behaviors, and then showing how these behaviors or practices can be grouped or clustered to lead to observable outcomes. This type of research is more subjective in nature, and requires careful interpretation of the variables.
Readers need to understand how the information was gathered or generated in a way that is consistent with research practices in a field of study. For instance, if you are using a multiple choice survey, the readers need to know which questionnaire items you have examined in your primary quantitative research.
Similarly, if your academic article involves secondary data from FED or Eurostat it is important to mention the variables used in your study, their values, and their time-frame.
For primary research, that involve surveys, experiments or observations, for a valuable academic article, Authors should provide information about: In most cases, there is a wide variety of methods and procedures that you can use to explore a research topic in your academic article. The methods section should fully explain the reasons for choosing a specific methodology or technique.
For primary research methods, describe the surveys, interviews, observation methods, etc. For secondary research methods, describe how the data was originally created, gathered and which institution created and published it. Reasons for Choosing Specific Research Methods For this aspect that characterizes a good research methodology, indicate how the research approach fits with the general study, considering the literature review outline and formatand the following sections.
A common limitation of academic articles found in research papers is that the premises of the methodology are not backed by reasons on how they help achieve the aims of the article.Writing a research paper is as important as performing the actual research or experiment itself and can appear to be a very daunting task..
It does not matter what conclusions you arrived at or how perfect your experimentation was, if you put no effort into writing a good report then your study will not be taken seriously.. If you break report writing down into its constituent parts, it is not.
Generally, a research is a quest for knowledge through experimentation, investigation and diligent search. It is aimed at discovery and interpretation of new knowledge or at resolving debatable existing knowledge. Master the essential skills for designing and conducting asuccessful research project Essentials of Research Design and Methodology contains practicalinformation on how to design and conduct scientific research in thebehavioral and social sciences.
The following guide contains tips on writing a research paper in Education. All research reports use roughly the same format. It doesn't matter whether you've done a customer satisfaction survey, an employee opinion survey, a health care survey, or a marketing research survey.
With the growing success of neural networks, there is a corresponding need to be able to explain their decisions — including building confidence about how they will behave in the real-world, detecting model bias, and for scientific curiosity.