Martin-in-the-Fields, was the only son of Edmund Sheffield, second earl of Mulgrave [q. In he served as a volunteer against the Dutch in the fleet commanded by Prince Rupert and the Duke of Albemarle; on 13 June he was appointed captain of a troop of horse, and in February he became gentleman of the bedchamber to the king Cal. In the second Dutch war he was present as a volunteer at the sea-fight in Southwold Bay, and in received the command of the Captain, the best second-rate ship in the navy.
In he had been created an Irish peer as Viscount Wilmot of Athlone, and he was succeeded by his only surviving.
Having fought against the Scots at Newburn and been imprisoned and expelled from the House of Commons for plotting. In he was created Baron Wilmot of Adderbury. Wilmot was on bad terms with some of the king's friends and advisers, including Prince Rupert, and in he is reported to have said that Charles was afraid of peace and to have advised his super cession by his son, the prince of Wales.
Consequently he was deprived of his command, and after a short imprisonment was allowed to cross over to France. He was greatly trusted by Charles II. Born at Ditchley in Oxfordshire on the 10th of AprilJohn Wilmot, 'who succeeded his father as 2nd earl inwas educated at Wadham College, Oxford, and in Second earl of rochester essay, although he was only fourteen years of age, received the degree of M.
On leaving Oxford he travelled in France and Italylwith a tutor who encouraged his love of literature, and moreover advocated principles of temperance which, however, bore little fruit.
He returned inand at once made his. This reputation for courage was afterwards lost in private quarrels in which he seems to have shirked danger.
He became gentleman of the bedchamber to Charles II. According to Anthony Hamilton, banishment from court for lampooning the king or his mistresses was with Rochester an almost annual occurrence, but his disgrace was never of long duration.
Charles seems to have found his company too congenial to be long dispensed with, and Pepys says that all serious men were disgusted by the complaisance with which he passed over Rochester's insolence Diary, 17th Feb.
In order to restore his rapidly vanishing fortune he became a suitor to Elizabeth Malet. Rochester Was pursued, and Charles, who was very angry, sent him to the Tower. Miss Malet, however, married him in Not content with making or unmaking the reputation of the maids of honour and the courtiers by his squibs and songs, Rochester aspired to be a patron of poetry and an arbiter of taste, but he was vain and capricious, tolerating no rivals in his capacity of patron.
Dryden dedicated to him his M arriage-dla- ode in a. Mulgrave had engaged in a duel with Rochester, who had refused to fight at the last minute on the ground of ill-health.
By his influence Settle's Emperor of Morocco was played at Whitehall, and Crowne was employed, in direct infringement of Dryden's province as laureate, to write a masque for the court. Both these poets were discarded in turn for Nathaniel Lee and Thomas Otway.
In Mulgrave began to circulate his Essay on Satire in which Rochester was singled out for severe criticism. Rochester chose to pretend that this was Dryden's work, not Mulgrave's, and by his orders a band of roughs set on the poet in Rose Alley, Covent Garden, and beat him.
He began to show signs of a more serious temper, and at his own request was visited July zoth to July. When his son Charles, the 3rd earl, died on the I2th of Novemberhis titles became extinct. As a poet Rochester was a follower of Abraham Cowley and of Boileau, to both of whomhe was considerably indebted.
His love lyrics are often happy, but his real vigour and ability is best shown in his critical poems and satires. The political satires are notable for their fierce exposure of Charles II. Other issues, slightly varying in title and contents, appeared inand This essay will survey Rochester’s literary relationship with the city to show how his writing revealingly reflects the changing political, social and religious ’, English, of Rochester ’,, and Nicholas Fisher John.
nd Earl of Rochester (): Poet and Man about Towne’.
Second Earl of Rochester essays The satirists shared a talent for making other individuals feel uncomfortable, particularly by making them aware of their own moral inadequacies.
They used irony, derision, and wit to attack human vice or folly. How to Write an Essay ESSAY HELP. This handbook is a guide that I’m hoping will enable you. Think about grammatical features: tenses, conditional constructions, the passive voice. Is the passage in the first, second or third person?
Perhaps there are tense or person shifts; what effect do these produce? Earl of Rochester and John Milton. Second Earl Of Rochester Essay - The satirists shared a talent for making other individuals feel uncomfortable, particularly by making them aware of their own moral inadequacies.
They used irony, derision, and wit to attack human vice or folly. Charles Sackville, Lord Buckhurst, eldest son of Richard, fifth Earl of Dorset, was born January 24th, He was a volunteer with the fleet in , when he wrote his famous song beginning — "To all ye ladies now at land.
About John Wilmot Earl of Rochester. John Wilmot was born in , the son of Henry Wilmot, a celebrated Royalist who had led the cavalry at the Battle of Edgehill.