The collapse of Europe framed that confrontation. The collapse of the European imperial system, the emergence of new states and a struggle between the Soviets and Americans for domination and influence also defined the confrontation.
Realists, international institutionalists and other theorists and policy intellectuals present various alternative strategies. The Obama administration has made a concerted effort to strengthen ties with the nation and move away from the Bush administration's approach of Russia as a global competitor.
Relations with China also pose many uncertainties and encompass a wide range of issues with debate manifesting different assessments of the mix of common and competing issues.
China is without a doubt a rising power, especially economically. American foreign policy towards China has become increasingly complex over the decades and has included a wide range of issues from America's one-China policy to Chinese human rights violations to the large US trade deficit with China.
Relations with Cold War-era allies in Western Europe and Japan remain generally positive but are going through their own transitions. American relations with Western Europe were strained by the Iraq war as many European powers were in strong opposition to the invasion of Iraq.
Tensions over trade disputes have emerged between the US and Japan. Debate has also arisen regarding the amount of influence the US exerts over Japanese military policy, including concerns over nuclear weapons. Relations with India, Brazil, and other emerging powers are also experiencing an era of transition.
US relations with Brazil, another emerging power, now tend towards a more independent Brazilian foreign policy, recognizing the increased international status of the nation.
Regional geopolitics show shifts from Cold War patterns as well. The Obama administration has pledged to make Africa a higher priority, focusing not only on specific nations, like Somalia, but also on larger problems within the region, such as AIDS. Overall, America has tried to promote a philosophy of good governance in Africa in the hopes that democracy and good leaders can help the continent develop.
Relations with Latin America have focused on increasing stability in the region, and the Obama administration has indicated it will follow a policy of engagement with Cuba. All told, post-Cold War geopolitics are providing both opportunities and challenges across the 4 P's objectives of Power, Peace, Prosperity, and Principles.
Foreign policy politics in these issue areas has been a mix of continuity with and change from past patterns. Relations with China continue to bring influential lobbies into play in ways that provide an instructive case study. The China lobbies have touched on a number of issues including trade, human rights, and the Taiwan issue.
These politics are not just a matter of the Chinese government and the US government.All told, post-Cold War geopolitics are providing both opportunities and challenges across the 4 P's objectives of Power, Peace, Prosperity, and Principles. Foreign policy politics in these issue areas has been a mix of continuity with and change from past patterns.
For example, the Cold War era meandered for decades, during which U.S.-Soviet detentes or the end of the Vietnam War could have seemed to signal the end of the era itself.
Now, we are at a point where the post-Cold War model no longer explains the behavior of the world. Global Geopolitical Change in the Post‐Cold War Era Article in Annals of the Association of American Geographers 81(4) - · February with Reads DOI: /j The paper argues that the conventional geopolitical imagination of the cold-war era that envisioned the world in terms of spatial blocs; fixed identities and territorial presence seem no longer adequate in today’s post-cold war era (Agnew p.8).
The post–Cold War era is the period in world history from the dissolution of the Soviet Union on am, December 26, to the present. The term was criticized for its ambiguity: "Even though it has been ten years since the Berlin Wall came down," wrote Paul Wolfowitz in , "we still have no better name for the period in which we live than the post-Cold War era.".
The Cold War Era For those of us who came of age during the Cold War, its key features are etched in our memories.
The Post-Post-Cold War World: The Intersection of the Transnational and the Traditional we have seen similar changes in how the international community views states’ responsibilities vis-à-vis terrorism. Countries.