She was descended from DutchAfrican and English ancestors. Tom briefly served in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary Warwhich may have been how he gained his freedom during the 18th century. Alexander returned to Connecticut, leaving Alfred in Haiti with his mother. She worked to support her family receiving some assistance from her brother and neighborsuntil she suffered a stroke in the early s.
Public Domain Educator, essayist, journalist, scholar, social critic, and activist W. He excelled in the public schools of Great Barrington, graduating valedictorian from his high school in Four years later he received a B.
In DuBois earned a second bachelor degree from Harvard University. DuBois began two years of graduate studies in History and Economics at the University of Berlin in Germany in and then returned to the United States to begin a two year stint teaching Greek and Latin at Wilberforce University in Ohio.
Later that year DuBois married Nina Web dubois and the couple had two children. After the death of his first wife inDuBois married Shirley Graham who remained his wife until his death. During this time, he became the first scholar to systematically study African American urban life.
His work and conclusions initiated the field of African American urban history. DuBois lacked black public appeal of his contemporaries such as Booker T. WashingtonMarcus Garveyand Paul Robeson.
He remained scathingly critical of white racism his entire life and unlike Washington he was unwilling to seek compromise in the quest for civil rights and racial justice. InDuBois published a groundbreaking collection of essays, The Souls of Black Folkwhich challenged the civil rights strategies of black leaders like Washington while inspiring a cadre of young black activist scholars to use their work to combat racial oppression.
In DuBois and other black leaders created the Niagara Movement to provide an organizational challenge to segregation and discrimination. DuBois, however, continued to believe scholarship could promote racial equality. He wrote numerous books and articles including Black Reconstruction in America in Largely discounted by scholars at the time, the book eventually became the basis for a dramatic reappraisal of the Reconstruction era by scholars in the s and s.
His conclusions regarding the progress made by African Americans during the decade of Reconstruction have now been accepted by almost all mainstream historians. By the early s, at the height of the Cold War, DuBois devoted much of his energy to promoting peace between the United States and the Soviet Union.
He embraced this controversial position at great personal and professional peril. Stripped by the State Department of his passport in and criticized by many former allies and associates in the civil rights struggle, DuBois became a Communist, believing it offered the only hope for working class people around the world and the only major challenge to racism.
Aldridge, The Educational Thought of W. An Intellectual History New York:quotes from W.E.B. Du Bois: 'Children learn more from what you are than what you teach.', 'Believe in life!
Always human beings will progress to greater, broader, and fuller life.', and 'The worker must work for the glory of his handiwork, not simply for pay; the thinker must think for truth, not for fame.'. The term color line was originally used as a reference to the racial segregation that existed in the United States after the abolition of slavery.
An article by Frederick Douglass titled "The Color Line" was published in the North American Review in The phrase gained fame after W.
E. B. Du Bois’ repeated use of it in his book The Souls of Black Folk. the W.E.B. DuBois Scholars Institute is an intensive academic and leadership program for high-achieving middle and high school students.
Welcome to DuBois Area School District. Welcome to the Internet home of the DuBois Area School District. Together, the six schools that comprise our district provide a safe, empowering learning environment for kindergarten through twelfth-grade students in Clearfield and Jefferson counties.
The mission of the Community Guidance is to provide high quality comprehensive Mental Health, Drug and Alcohol, Intellectual Disability, and Early Intervention services, empowering individuals and families residing in the community to improve the quality of their lives.
All client information is kept strictly confidential. Your written authorization is required in order to release any. W.E.B. DuBois was born on February 23, in Great Barrington, Massachusetts. At that time Great Barrington had perhaps 25, but not more than 50, Black people out of a population of about 5, Consequently, there were little signs of overt racism there.